White Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)The white-tailed deer is Alberta's most abundant cloven-hoofed animal. White-tailed deer are found in the prairie, parkland and southern boreal zones and their range is expanding westward into the foothills, mountains and northward further into the boreal zone. Average weight for bucks is 90 kilograms (200 pounds) and female Does weigh about 60 kilograms (130 pounds). coloration changes from reddish-brown in summer to greyish- brown in winter. Tail is broad and brown, fringed with white, and white underneath. When running, the tail is held erect, exposing its white underside, hence the name "white-tail." Unlike mule deer, white-tails have no rump patch. Buck’s antlers have unbranched tines extending up from single beams. White-tailed deer are extremely wary, and when alarmed they move rapidly, bounding away in smooth, graceful leaps. Typical habitat includes aspen groves, wooded river flats and coulees. In addition to food, brushy patches also provide good cover, in which even the largest white-tail is difficult to see. Diet includes: Forbs choke cherry saskatoon and other shrubs. In Alberta, the rut, or mating season usually occurs in November. One or two spotted fawns are born to each doe the following spring. In Alberta, the rut, or mating season usually occurs in November. One or two spotted fawns are born to each doe the following spring.
(This text information was provided by Alberta Government Resource Development)